- Chinese name: 大昭寺
- Location: Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region
- Affiliation: Tang Dynasty to Qing Dynasty
- Area: more than 25,100 square meters
- Protection level: the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units
- Ticket price: 98 yuan
- Opening hours: 12:00-18:30; stop admission time: 18:30 (January 1st-December 31st Monday-Sunday)
Jokhang Temple, which is “Juekang” in Tibetan, also known as “Zulakang”, is the end point of pilgrimage for Tibetan Buddhist believers. In their hearts, the Jokhang Temple is as sacred as the Potala Palace. No matter in terms of geographical location or in the minds of Tibetan Buddhist believers, the Jokhang Temple is a veritable holy place and center of Tibetan Buddhism, and has an extremely lofty and holy position in the history of Tibetan Buddhism.
The Jokhang Temple was built in the middle of the seventh century AD. It was built by King Songtsen Gampo of Tibet in order to place his concubine, Princess Chizun of Nepal, and the 8-year-old Buddha statue of Sakyamuni brought from his hometown of Kathmandu. In 1409 AD, the founder of the Gelug Sect Master Tsongkhapa carried forward the Dharma in the Jokhang Temple and held the Great Dharma Conference, thus establishing his important position in the history of Tibetan Buddhism. In the eighth century A.D., when Princess Wencheng of Tang Dynasty entered Tibet, the 12-year-old Sakyamuni statue was enshrined in the Jokhang Temple and became the treasure of the Jokhang Temple. It is a must-see for tourists and pilgrims. one. In addition, there are Tibetan-style murals “Princess Wencheng’s Entry to Tibet” and “Jokhang Temple Construction Map” with a length of nearly one thousand meters in the temple, as well as two Thangkas embroidered with Dharma protectors in the Ming Dynasty, which are rare art treasures.
Lhasa has three prayer passages, “inner, middle and outer”, all of which revolve around the Jokhang Temple. Among them, the circle around the Juekang Hall along the Thousand Buddha Hall in the temple is called “Nangkuo”; the circle around the Jokhang Temple is called “Bakuo”; The circle of the temple and the Jokhang Temple is rumored as “Lin Kuo”.
Jokhang Temple Video
Jokhang Temple Photo
Jokhang Temple Tourist Map
Jokhang Temple Travel Guide
After entering the Jokhang Temple along the main entrance, there is a patio-style courtyard. There are several rows of butter lamps on the east side of the courtyard. Because believers add butter every day, they are not extinguished all year round. Behind the butter lamp is the main entrance of the main hall of the Jokhang Temple. On the left side of the entrance is the founder of the Red Sect, Padmasambhava, and on the right side is Jamba Buddha, Maitreya Buddha, also known as the future Buddha. On the right wall are murals about the story of the construction of the Jokhang Temple. The main content is the appearance of the Potala Palace in the 7th century and the scene of filling the lake to build the Jokhang Temple.
In clockwise order, it used to be a Buddhist hall dedicated to Master Tsongkhapa, the founder of the Yellow Sect, and his eight disciples. Continue to go around to the right and pass through the Yasha Hall and Dragon King Hall on both sides. Behind hundreds of butter lamps is the famous “Juekang” Hall. It is not only the main body of the Jokhang Temple, but also the essence of the Jokhang Temple. In the center of Juekang Hall is the Great Sutra Hall, which is the place where lamas chant scriptures and practice on weekdays. There are many small Sutra halls around. The twelve-year-old golden statue of Kyamuni is the core of the Jokhang Temple and a holy place for pilgrims.
Next to the courtyard, there are stairs leading to the second and third floors. On the second floor, there is the Dharma King Hall dedicated to King Songtsan Gampo, Princess Wencheng, and Princess Chizun, and the Bandanlam Dharma Protector Temple dedicated to the auspicious Heavenly Mother. Standing on the wide terrace on the second floor, you can overlook the Potala Palace, which is an excellent location for taking pictures. The golden roof on the third floor is also one of the highlights of the Jokhang Temple, but most of the time the third floor is closed to the public. In case of a coincidence, you can climb to the third floor. The four magnificent golden roofs are amazing.
Tibet has strong ultraviolet rays, and many tourists wear sun hats, sunglasses, and hold cameras. When visiting the inner temple, you need to take off your sunglasses and hat. Of course, you are not allowed to take pictures.
If a Tibetan passing by or kneeling down and bumps into you, don’t be afraid. They don’t have any malice, but they simply focus on worshipping Buddha and don’t care about other etiquette.
Never take pictures, taking pictures will arouse their disgust