Xidi Ancient Villages
- Chinese Name:西递古村落
- Add: Xidi Village, Xidi Town, Yi County, Huangshan City 黄山市黟县西递镇西递村
- Opening Time: Open all year round
- Tickets: 104 CNY/per
- Tel: 0559-5154030
Xidi Ancient Villages
Xidi is located 8 kilometers southeast of Yi County and 50 kilometers northwest of Huangshan City. It is a typical Huizhou ancient village. Hongcun focuses on water, while Xidi mainly focuses on architecture. Remember to pay attention to the three sculptures of Hui style on the buildings, brick carvings, stone carvings, and wood carvings. The students of the Academy of Fine Arts who come here to sketch from life are another scene.
Most of the residents in Xidi Village are surnamed Hu. According to legend, they are the descendants of Tang Taizong Li Shimin, who changed their surname to Hu to avoid the war. The village was first built in the reign of Huangyou in the Northern Song Dynasty, developed in the middle of Jingtai in the Ming Dynasty, and flourished in the early Qing Dynasty. At that time, wealthy Huizhou merchants in Xidi built their hometown in a comfortable and elegant way. The Ming and Qing buildings we see now still maintain the old style. grand.
Xidi Ancient Villages
Xidi Ancient Villages Tourist Map
Xidi Ancient Villages Tour Transfer:Car Rental with Driver
- Xidi Ancient Villages ⇄ Hongcun Village
- Xidi Ancient Villages ⇄ Tunxi Airport
- Xidi Ancient Villages ⇄ Huangshan North Highspeed Railway Station
- Xidi Ancient Villages ⇄ Tangkou Town,Huangshan
Xidi Ancient Villages Travel Guide
The ancient village is built in the shape of a boat, spanning three streams. The front stream and the back stream in the south converge into Xixi stream at Huiyuan Bridge in the village, and Xixi stream and Shewu stream in the north meet at the entrance of the village. The streams all flow from east to west. So the village is named Xidi. The roads in the village extend in all directions, and there are multiple entrances. The main entrance is in the southwest corner. Generally, the ancient village is visited from southwest to northeast.
At the main entrance, the first thing you see is the Hu Wenguang Memorial Archway, which was built in the sixth year of Wanli in the Ming Dynasty (AD 1578). It is magnificent and represents the prominent status of the Hu family. The whole body of the archway is carved from the local “Yixian Qing” marble. There are five floors on the top, and each floor has different exquisite stone carvings. Next to the archway is Mingjing Lake, where you can take pictures of the reflection of Huizhou architecture.
Enter the village and come to Ruiyu Court at the intersection of Henglu Street. This is a representative residence of Huizhou merchants, built in the Xianfeng period of Qing Dynasty. What’s interesting in it is a series of couplets, such as the couplets composed of characters at the bottom of the characters “Welcome to see off the far and near road, advance and retreat slowly and travel freely”, and another example “Happiness comes from hard work, and cheapness comes from suffering”, While telling the business principles, it also contains the philosophy of doing things.
Going east, crossing the Qianbian River, the Jingai Hall on the east bank was built in the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty and rebuilt in the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty. It is the largest ancestral hall in the village. Jingaitang used to be the place where the Hu family discussed affairs, held weddings, and taught and reprimanded unworthy descendants. The big “filial piety” character hanging in the house is very impressive. The right half of the “earth” character on “filial piety” looks like a bowing man, and the left half looks like a monkey, which means that only people who abide by filial piety will behave like a hozen.
Going northeast along the Qianbian Creek, Shangde Hall in the upper reaches has a history of 400 years, and it is an ancient Ming Dynasty house in the village. Walking along the way from the entrance, you can also visit Taoli Garden, a building that matches Xidi’s residence and library; the West Garden and East Garden of Huizhou Courtyard; In addition, Zouma Building, Xiulou and Zhuimutang are also very distinctive Ming and Qing buildings in Xidi.
Best Time To Travel
When you come to Xidi in March and April, you can see the beautiful scenery of white walls and black tiles and rapeseed flowers, but there are too many tourists to avoid the Qingming Festival.
Food and Snack
Xidi has a relatively high degree of commercialization. Many local people have opened farmhouses, and some sell snacks on the street with their burdens. You can taste Huizhou specialties, such as Laba tofu, sesame cakes, bamboo shoots, and the TV show “On the Tip of the Tongue” Mao tofu, stinky mandarin fish, etc. introduced in “My China”.
If you want to enjoy the tranquility of the ancient village, you can stay for a few nights and visit the ancient village in the early morning and dusk to avoid the crowds during the day. Most of the accommodation in the village is a family-style inn transformed from an ancient building. After registering with an ID card at the entrance of the scenic spot, you can enter and exit the ancient village unlimited times during your stay.
Xidi is 18 kilometers away from Hongcun and 43 kilometers away from Huangshan Scenic Area. Generally, tourists will put Xidi, Hongcun and Huangshan together for fun.